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依稀仍见“扫地僧”——追忆国防科技大学教授、中国工程院院士高伯龙

核心提示:  他常年穿着一身黄布军装、一双草绿胶鞋,永远带着几分消瘦、几分倔强,仅看外表,绝不会有人把他与院士、大师这些称谓联系在一起,但熟悉的人却无不对他充满敬佩

  TACHANGNIANCHUANZHEYISHENHUANGBUJUNZHUANG、YISHUANGCAOLVJIAOXIE,YONGYUANDAIZHEJIFENXIAOSHOU、JIFENJUEQIANG,JINKANWAIBIAO,JUEBUHUIYOURENBATAYUYUANSHI、DASHIZHEIXIECHENGWEILIANXIZAIYIQI,DANSHUXIDERENQUEWUBUDUITACHONGMANJINGPEI。TAJIUSHIWOGUOZHUMINGLILUNWULIXUEJIA、JIGUANGWULIZHUANJIA、GUOFANGKEJIDAXUEJIAOSHOU、ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIGAOBOLONG。

  ZHENGSHIZHEIGEKANSIPUTONG、HAOBUQIYANDE“SAODISENG”,QUEPINGJIEQISHENHOUDE“JUESHINEIGONG”,YONGBANGESHIJIDEMOMOJIANSHOU、BUXIEPANDENG,RANGWOGUODEJIGUANGTUOLUOCONGWUDAOYOU、CONGRUODAOQIANG,ZHANSHECHUYAOYANDEQIANGJUNZHIGUANG。

  GAOBOLONGZOUJINJIGUANGTUOLUOLINGYU,GURANYOUXUDUOBIRANTIAOJIAN,DANYEYOUXUDUOOURANYINSU。TABINGFEIYIKAISHIJIUMUBIAOSHIFENMINGQUEDIDINGWEIZAIJIGUANGTUOLUOYANJIU,ERSHIYIXIEFEITASUONENGZUOYOUDEYINSUCUSHITAZOUSHANGLEZHEITIAOCHONGMANJIANXINERYOUZHUZAOHUIHUANGDEKAITUOZHILU。DANWULUNSHINAYITIAOLU,BAOXIAOZUGUO、FUWURENMINSHIZHONGSHITAFENDOUDECHUXIN。

  GAOBOLONGZIXIAODUISHUXUE、WULIXINGQUNONGHOU,LIZHIZUOYIMINGKEXUEJIA,1947NIANBAOKAOQINGHUADAXUESHIBIANXUANZELEWULIXI。LINJINFENPEISHI,TAZAIZHIYUANSHUSHANGTIANXIEDESHI“QINGHUADAXUE”“YANJIUYUAN”“YANJIUSHENG”,RANERZUIZHONGQUEBEIFENPEIDAOZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYINGYONGWULIYANJIUSUO,ZHEIWANQUANCHUHUTADEYILIAO。

  QIAZAIZHEISHI,ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNJUNSHIGONGCHENGXUEYUAN(YIXIAJIANCHENGHAJUNGONG)CHENGLI,CONGQUANGUOXUANDIAOGAOSHUIPINGJIAOSHI,GAOBOLONGBIANBEIXUANZHONG,SUIHOUQULEHAJUNGONGCONGSHIWULIJIAOXUE。

  1975NIAN,QUANGUOGAOXIAOXIAFATONGZHI,CHEXIAOJICHUKEBU。ZHEINIAN7YUE,GAOBOLONGHEQITA6MINGWULIJIAOYANSHIDEJIAOYUANBEIFENPAIDAOJIGUANGYANJIUSHI。

  JINGGUOBANSHENGKANKE,GAOBOLONGYISHIDAO,YIGERENDEZHUGUANXIANGFABIXUGENKEGUANSHIJIXIANGFUHE,GERENZHIYUANBUNENGLINGJIAYUGUOJIAXUQIUZHISHANG,ZHENZHENGDEAIGUOYINGGAIBAZIJIDEQIANTUMINGYUNYUGUOJIALIYIMIQIEJIEHE,YINGGAIFUHEGUOJIADEXUYAO。YONGTAZIJIHUASHUO,JIUSHI“MINGMINGSHENGHUOZAIGAOSHANSHANG,QUEBUXIANGXUEPASHANERXIANGXUEYOUYONG,ZHEIYANGJUYOUGENBENXINGDEQUEXIAN”。YEZHENGSHICONGNEISHIQI,TAZIJUEDIJIANGGERENZHUIQIUSUODINGZAIZUGUODEXUYAOSHANG。

  JISHINIANHOU,DANGGAOBOLONGHUIYIQINEIDUANJINGLISHI,RENGRANSHENYOUGANKAIDISHUO:“GAOJIGUANG,DUIXIWANGCONGSHILILUNWULIYANJIUDEWOGERENLAISHUO,YEXUSHIGESUNSHI,GENGSHIWOSHIYESHANGYICIJIANNANDEXUANZE。SUIRANZHEIYIXUANZEYICHANGJIANNAN,DANWOZUIZHONGHAISHIMAICHULEJUYOUJUEDINGXINGYIYIDEYIBU。”

  JIGUANGTUOLUO,YOUJIAOHUANXINGJIGUANGQI,SHIHENGLIANGYIGEGUOJIAGUANGXUEJISHUFAZHANSHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHIZHIYI,TAZAIJIASUDUJIPEIHEXIAKEYIBUYILAIWAIBUXINXIERGANZHIWUTIZAIRENYISHIKEDEKONGJIANWEIZHI,SHIXIANZIZHUDAOHANG、ZHIDAO、DINGWEI、DINGXIANGHEZITAIKONGZHIGONGNENG,SHIDAODAN、FEIJI、JIANCHUAN、LUYONGZHANCHEDENGSHIXIANJINGQUEDAJI、KUAISUFANYINGHEJINGQUEKONGZHIDEHEXINBUJIAN,BEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUGEZHONGYUNDONGZAITI。

  1960NIAN,MEIGUOLVXIANYANZHICHUSHIJIESHANGDIYITAIJIGUANGQIHOU,MASHANGKAISHIJIGUANGTUOLUODEYANZHI,ZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIXIANQIYICHANGDAOHANGJISHUDE。WOGUOSUIRANQIBUBUWAN,DANYOUYUGUOJISHANGJISHUFENGSUO,GUONEIJICHUGONGYELILIANGBORUO,ZAIJIASHANGQUEFALILUNLILIANGZHIDAO,JIJINGBOZHE,JINZHANBINGBUSHUNLI,HEXINGUANJIANJISHUCHICHIWEINENGQUDETUPO。ZHISHANGSHIJI70NIANDAISHI,QUANGUOSHIJIJIADANWEIZUIZHONGFANGQI。

  “ZHENGYINWEIZHEIYANG,WOMENGENGYAOJIANCHI。BUGAN,JIUKENENGJIGUOJIALIUXIAKONGBAI;YAOGAN,JIUYAOGANHAOZHEIGESHIJIENANTI。”GANGGANGJIARUYANZHIDUIWUDEGAOBOLONGZHIDIYOUSHENGDISHUO。

  DANGSHI,SHIJIEGEGUOYINMEIGUOERPINDOUDONGTUOLUOQUDETUPODOUZAIJINGXIANGGENZONGYANJIU。GAOBOLONGJIARUJIGUANGTUOLUOSHIYANHOU,ZAIGUANGFANYUEDUGUONEIWAIYOUGUANWENXIANBINGSHENRUYANJIUJICHUSHANG,GANDAOWOGUODANGSHICAILIAO、GONGYISHUIPINGNANYIMANZUERPINDOUDONGJIGUANGTUOLUOYANZHIYAOQIU,DUANQINEIBUHUIQUDEJIAODATUPO,BIXULINGPIXIJING,GANYUZOUQIANRENWEIZOUGUODELU。

  JIUZAIZHEISHI,TAKANDAOYIFENJINYOULIANGYEZHIDEWAIWENZILIAO。PINGJIESHENHOUDELIDI,GAOBOLONGSHENRUJINXINGFENXI,DUIQIZHONGJIEGOUSHANGDEYUANLICUOWUYIYIJINXINGLESHIYANYANZHENGHEXIUGAIWANSHAN,CHUANGZAOXINGDITICHUYANZHIGUONEISIPINCHADONGTUOLUODEYUANLI,XUDUOLILUNGUANDIANYIDADAODANGSHIGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING,BINGTICHU“GENJUWOGUOGONGYIJISHUSHIJI,ZHEISHIWOGUOZAIGAILINGYUDEZUIJIAFANGAN”DELUNDUAN。

  1976NIAN,TABAGAIFANGANZAIQUANGUOJIGUANGTUOLUOHUISHANGZUOLEXIANGXIJIESHAO,RANGZAIJIGUANGTUOLUOYANZHIZHONGMIMANGDETONGXINGGANDAOYICHANGXINGFEN。ZAIDAJIATIYIXIA,TABAJIANGGAOZHENGLICHENGJIN200YEDELUNWEN《HUANXINGJIGUANGJIANGYI》BINGYIDANXINGBENXINGSHIYINFA。ZHEISHIWOGUODIYIBUYOUGUANJIGUANGTUOLUODEZHANGWEN,YESHIGUONEIJIGUANGTUOLUOYANJIUDEDIANJIZHIZUO,YIJINGFAXINGXUNSUCHENGWEIGUONEIJIGUANGTUOLUOSHIYANYANJIUDEZHONGYAOYIJUHEZHINAN。

  ZAIZHEIYIYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,GAOBOLONGSUIHOUYOUXIANGJIGONGPOJISHUNANGUAN,ZHIJINYICHENGGONGYANZHICHULIANGDAXILIE、JIUZHONGXINGHAODEJIGUANGTUOLUO,DUOXIANGJISHUDADAOGUOJIYILIUSHUIPING,CHUANGZAOLEWOGUODUOGEDIYI,RANGWOGUODEJIGUANGTUOLUOZAISHIJIEFANGSHECHUYAOYANDEGUANGMANG。

  YOUYUWOGUOJINGJIJICHUBIJIAOBORUO,YANZHICHUQIMEINIANTIGONGJIGAOBOLONGTUANDUIDEZHISHI4WANYUANRENMINBI,ERMEIGUODEXIANGGUANFEIYONGZESHI2YIMEIYUAN。YAOXIANGZAIZHEICHANGJIAOLIANGZHONGQUSHENG,ZHUDINGLETAMENYAOBIBIERENFUCHUGENGDADEJIANXIN、GENGDADENULI。

  GAOBOLONGJINGCHANGSHUOYIJUHUA:WOMENSUIRANQUEQIAN,DANSHIBUNENGQUELEZHIQI,BUNENGQUELEJIANKUFENDOUDEJINGSHEN。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGGANCHUMINGTANGLAI!

  TADAILINGKETIZU,ZHAODAOYIJIANFEIQIDEJIUSHITANG,YIZHUANYIWADIJIANGTAGAIZAOCHENGJIANLOUDESHIYANSHI。YOUYUJIGUANGQIJIANCEYAOQIUYANGE,SHIYANBIXUBAOZHENGZAIMIBITIAOJIANXIAJINXING,HAIYAOJINKENENGJIANSHAOHUANJINGYINGXIANG,YINCI,TAMENDIANSHANBUGANYONG,CHUANGHUBUGANKAI,SHIYANSHIXIATIANJIUXIANGYIGE“SANGNAFANG”,ERDONGTIANYOUCHENGLE“DABINGJIAO”。WEILEZHUIGANSHIYANJINDU,TAYAOMESHICHILUOSHANGSHENCHUANTIAODUANKU,YAOMECHUANZHEHOUHOUDEMIANAO,MEIRIMEIYEDIGANZHE,JIUXIANGYONGBUTINGZHUANDETUOLUO,BUZHIPIJUAN,BUCIXINLAO。

  1993NIANDEXIABANNIAN,SHIGAOBOLONGHETUANDUIKAIZHANJIGUANGTUOLUOYANZHIYILAIZUIWEIJIANNANDESHIKE。WEIZAORIJIAOCHUGONGCHENGHUAXINXINGYANGJI,TAMANNAOZISUOXIANGDECHULEDUMOHAISHIDUMO。YITIAN,TASUODAIDEBOSHISHENGXIANGTAZHENGQIUBIYEHOUQUXIANGSHI,TASHENZHIBUJIASISUODIHUIDA:“DUMO!”

  NEISHI,DUMOJIMEITIANJINCHOUXIANGEDUOXIAOSHI。WEILENENGGOUJIESHENGSHIJIAN,GAOBOLONGMEITIANTIANHAIMEILIANGJIULAIDAOSHIYANSHI,TIQIANKAIQIJIQI,DENGBIERENZHENGCHANGSHANGBANSHI,YIJINGWANCHENGLECHOUZHENKONGZHEIYIBUZHOU。DUMOGONGZUOYIDANZHANKAI,LIANXUSHIJIGEXIAOSHIJIBUNENGTING、RENBUNENGLIJI,SUISHIDINGZHEDIANZISHUGUANGBANHEJISUANJIKONGZHIQUXIAN,LIANSHANGCESUODEJIANXIYEZHAORENDING。

  ZAIJIANDINGHOUDEDIERTIANSHENYE,GAOBOLONGNANDEQINGSONGDIZAIQIANBANYELIKAISHIYANSHI。TAHETUANDUICHENGYUANDINGJINXINGYIQIHUIJIA,KUAIDAOJIAMENKOUSHI,GAOBOLONGTURANFAXIANTAJIAMENQIANYOUDUOLEYIDONGXINLOU,BUJIEDIWEN:“ZHEILISHENMESHIHOUGAILEDONGXINLOU?”DINGJINXINGTINGHOUHAHAYIXIAO:“NIZHENSHIMANGHUTULE,CAIZHUYIDAOA,ZHEIDONGLOUYINIANQIANJIUGAIQILAILE。”

  GAOBOLONGDUXINKEXUEJIUGUO,QIONGJINYISHENGSHIJIANBUXIEZHUIQIUKEXUEZHENLI。TABUWEIJIANXIAN、WANQIANGPINBO,HAOFEIBANGESHIJISHIGUANG,RANGWOGUODEJIGUANGTUOLUOZAISHIJIEFACHUYAOYANDEGUANGMANG;TAPINGDANWUZHENG,DANBOMINGLI,YISHOURUODESHENQUZUODENGTAZHIYINHOULAIRENQIANJINDEFANGXIANG。

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