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阅读材料回答下列问题。材料一:教材图5-25《水俣病患者》材料二

核心提示:  材料二:“20世纪50年代后日本产生……包括汞中毒事件……,这些事件引起了公众广泛关注和民众运动,在大众媒体的压力下,日本政府不得不转变经济发展思路,这一转变成为日本社会、经济和产业政策的分水岭,从而环境问题成为核心

  CAILIAOER:“20SHIJI50NIANDAIHOURIBENCHANSHENG……BAOKUOGONGZHONGDUSHIJIAN……,ZHEIXIESHIJIANYINQILEGONGZHONGGUANGFANGUANZHUHEMINZHONGYUNDONG,ZAIDAZHONGMEITIDEYALIXIA,RIBENZHENGFUBUDEBUZHUANBIANJINGJIFAZHANSILU,ZHEIYIZHUANBIANCHENGWEIRIBENSHEHUI、JINGJIHECHANYEZHENGCEDEFENSHUILING,CONGERHUANJINGWENTICHENGWEIHEXIN。”

  TONGGUOYIXILIECUOSHI,GONGGONGJIANKANGHECHENGSHISHENGHUOZHILIANGZAIDUANQINEIDEDAOJIDADEGAISHAN。RIBENNENGGOUYOUXIAODIYINGDUI20SHIJI50、60NIANDAIDEGONGGONGJIANKANGZAINAN,ZHUYAODEYIYUPINGDENGHEYANLUNZIYOU。JIAOYUZHENGCEBIANHUATEBIEZHONGSHIJISHUJIAOYU,DUIRIBENHUANJINGYUNDONGDEFAZHANQIDAOLEZHIGUANZHONGYAOHEYOUXIAODEZUOYONG,……ZAIHUANJINGFANGMIAN,GUOJIAHEDIFANGDEGUANXIZUNCONGCHUANTONGDEGUANXI,WEITUODIFANGZHENGFUQIESHIZHIXINGWURANKONGZHI,JIANLIDANGDIDEBIAOQIANHEQUYUWURANDEKONGZHIFANGAN。

  CAILIAOSAN:RENLEICHUYUPUSHOUGUANZHUDEKECHIXUFAZHANWENTIDEZHONGXIN。TAMENYOUQUANGUOYIZHONGYUZIRANXIANGHEXIEDEJIANKANGERFUYOUCHENGXIAODESHENGHUO……HEPING、FAZHANHEBAOHUHUANJINGSHIXIANGHUYICUNHEMIBUKEFENDE。

  (2)GAISHUCAILIAOERZHONGRIBENJIEJUEGONGGONGJIANKANGWENTIZHONG“DEYIYU”DEYIXILIECUOSHI。ZAISHUOSHUOZHEIXIECUOSHI“GENGDEYIYU”RIBENDENAXIANGQIJIDAXIADEJIANSHIJICHU。JUCAILIAOERZHONGSUOSHISHIJIAN,JIEHEJIAOCAI,MIAOSHURIBENGAIXIANGQIJIDEBIAOXIAN。

  (3)CAILIAOSANZHONGJIESHIDERENHEZIRANHEXIEDEGUANDIANSHISHENME?TADETICHUJIYURENLEILISHIFAZHANJINCHENGZHONGDENAGEWENMINGSHIQI,YINWEIGAIWENMINGSHIQIDERENLEISHENGCHANSHENGHUODAOZHILEYANZHONGDEZIRANHEHUANJINGWENTI?

  CAILIAOER:1873NIAN,TONGZHIHUANGDIJIESHOUWAIGUOGONGSHIJINJIANNEIYIHUI,ZHUCHIYISHIDEDACHEN,BAPINJIJIAOGAODERIBENWAIWUDACHENFUDAOZHONGCHENDEBANCIPAIDAOLEPINJIJIAODIDEYING、FA、E、DE、MEIGONGSHIDEHOUMIAN,YIYUQUBIEDUIDAIZHIYI。

  CAILIAOSAN:1898NIAN,GUANGXUHUANGDIZAIHUIWURIBENQIANSHOUXIANGYITENGBOWENSHIBIAOSHI:“GUIGUOWEIXINYILAIZHI,WEIGEGUOSUOCHENGXU。”BINGXIWANGYITENGBOWENNENGXIANGZHONGGUOXIANGXIJIESHAO“BIANFAZHISHUNXU、FANGFADENGSHI”。

  CAILIAOSI:ZHENGCESHIJINDAIRIBENDUIYAZHOUDEZHANGQIQINLVEZHENGCE。QIJIBENNEIRONGSHI,SHOUXIANQINZHANCHAOXIAN,RANHOUQINZHANZHONGGUODONGBEI,JINERKUOZHANDAOZHENGGEZHONGGUO,HUODEZAIDONGYADEBAQUAN。

  CAILIAOWU:1945NIANRIBENZHANBAI,KANGRIZHANZHENGJIESHU;1972NIANZHONGRISHIXIANBANGJIAOZHENGCHANGHUA,JIESHULELIANGGUOZHANGQIDIDUIDELISHI。JINRU21SHIJI,ZHONGRIGUANXIMIANLINZHEXINDETIAOZHANYUJIYU。

  (1)CONGZHONGKEYIKANCHUYOUXIERIBENCHANPINSHI“MEIGUOKAIHUA,RIBENJIEGUO”,NEIMEZAIZHANHOUCUSHIRIBENCHENGWEIJINGJIDAGUOQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGDETUIDONGLISHI()

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